Kyrgyzstan is a land locked country in Central Asia with Kazakshtan, china, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. It has a pleasant and salubrious weather all through the year thanks to its snowclad mountains and dense forests. Kyrgyzstan is called “the Switzerland of Central Asia”. Bishkek is the capital of Kyrgyzstan. Bishkek is located in the northern part of the country. Osh is the second largest city which is located in close proximity to Uzbekistan. Due to its pleasant and enjoyable weather conditions, many international tourist prefer to visit Kygyzstan.
Two major rivers namely Kara Darya and Syr Darya which flow into the close circuit water system because there is no sea for the river to confluence. During winter heavy water flows down the mountains and the water current is used for generating hydro-electric power. Kyrgyzstan has a huge deposits of gold and rare earth metals. Only 8% of the land area is used for cultivation. The Chu river also briefly flows in Kyrgyzstan before entering Kazakshtan. Due to the presence of long and high ranges of mountains, only 8% of land mass is available for cultivation. Cultivable lands are located in the northern low lands and the fringes of Ferguna Valley
Ethnic Mix & Languages
- Kyrgyz 73%
- Uzbek 6%
- Russians 6%
- Chinese 1.1%
- Others 5.3%
Kyrgyz is the national and official language. Russian is an additional official language. The major religions are Islam and Christianity.
Kyrgyzstan follows a unitary parliamentary system. President’s name is Sooronbay Jenbekov and the name of the Prime Minister is Muhammetkaliv Abulgaziyev. When USSR disintegrated in early 1990’s, Kyrgyzstan became an independent country which has a population of around 6 million.